Sleep ApneaSleep apnea is a disorder characterized by a reduction or cessation (pause of breathing, airflow) during sleep. When an apnea occurs, sleep is disrupted. Sometimes this means the person wakes up completely, but sometimes this can mean the person comes out of a deep level of sleep and into a more shallow level of sleep.
Dyslipidemia
Elevation of the total cholesterol, the "bad" low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and the triglyceride concentrations, and a decrease in the "good" high-density lipoprotein (HDL) in the blood.
Hypertension
High blood pressure is a reading of 140/90 mmHg or higher.
High blood pressure is called "the silent killer" because it usually has no symptoms. Some people may not find out they have it until they have trouble with their heart, brain, or kidneys.
Obesity
Fatty Liver
Patients who are obese, diabetic, and have high lipids (fats) in their blood are advised to lose weight and control their diabetes and elevated lipids.
Insulin
Resistance

Insulin resistance occurs when the normal amount of insulin secreted by the pancreas is not able to unlock the door to cells.  To maintain a normal blood glucose, the pancreas secretes additional insulin.

Pre-Diabetes
In about 1/3 of the people with insulin resistance, when the body cells resist or do not respond to even high levels of insulin, glucose builds up in the blood resulting in high blood glucose or type 2 diabetes
.

Polycythemia

Polycythemia vera is an abnormal increase in blood cells (primarily red blood cells) resulting from excess production by the bone marrow. The abnormal bone marrow cells may begin to grow uncontrollably in some patients leading to acute myelogenous leukemia.

Patients with polycythemia vera also have an increased tendency to form blood clots that can result in strokes or heart attacks.

What is Syndrome X or Metabolic Syndrome?
 

Syndrome X is a cluster of risk factors for heart disease associated with insulin resistance.  These risk factors include: hypertriglyceridemia (high blood lipid), low HDL-cholesterol, hyperinsulinemia (high blood insulin), often hyperglycemia (high blood glucose), and hypertension (high blood pressure).





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